Grant CNCSIS no. 384 / 2005
Director of the research program: Nicoleta JULA, PhD Professor
The research project European integration – macroeconomic convergence scenarios. Integration cost evaluations was financed by grant CNCSIS 384/2005-2006. The research team was made up of: academic specialists and practitioners: Nicoleta JULA, PhD Professor – director of the research program, Dorel AILENEI, PhD Professor, Viorel CORNESCU, PhD Professor, Dorin JULA, PhD Professor, Dan CONSTANTINESCU, PhD Associate Professor, Elena Nolica DRUICĂ, PhD Lecturer, Zenovia Maria GRIGORE, PhD Lecturer, Mihaela SUDACEVSCHI, Lecturer, Felicia BUCUR, Teaching Assistant, Marius-Nicolae JULA, economist, and others. The most relevant results of the research project were published in a volume in 2007: Nicoleta Jula (coordinator), European integration – macroeconomic convergence scenarios, Bucureşti: Mustang Publishing House, 2007. Moreover, the authors published studies in international journals and defended scientific papers at national and international conferences.
The topic of the present research program (European integration – macroeconomic convergence scenarios. Integration cost evaluations) deals with an up-to-date issue: the Romanian economic reform and integration in the European economic structures. The research project tackles the Convergence policies and their contribution to the consolidation of a European identity. According to these policies all modifications brought to the economic and social structures of all the countries in this area, as well as to the relations of these countries with other parts of the world, require a reinterpretation of the economic and social policy principles so that convergence and stability should be guaranteed to the European state. Moreover, according to convergence policies, short-term economic objectives should be brought into line with long-term social, cultural, political and environmental objectives.
Our research work analyses Romania’s direct financial efforts which represent only a part of the costs and benefits generated by the integration of our country into the EU. However, we consider that this analysis reveals important results for the topic of the present study. Thus, we analyze the potential consequences which the issuance by the European Commission of the financial support for Romania and Bulgaria for 2007 – 2009. Globally, we anticipate a positive aggregate effect. In fact, countries which adhered to the EU in 2004 benefited from positive effect after the integration. For the new EU member states, except for Hungary and Slovakia, the EU integration was beneficial.
We have calculated the budgetary effort of Romania according to the co-finance principles set up by the access and cohesion methodologies to the EU structural funds and by calculating our country’s contribution to the EU budget.
The research project also analyses the demographic evolution of Romania in 2020’s. Considering the resulted demographic results, we have also analyzed the impact of the aging population over the social security system.